Emergency Operations Center
What is an Emergency Operations Center or EOC?
a) Emergency Operations Center or EOC is a center that is activated to provide general guidance and direction, coordinate external support, and provide resource support for an incident.
During a disaster, this center activates by:
a) directing and resolving hazard problems,
b) issuing warning and instructions,
c) providing information to the general public,
d) organizing and implementing large-scale evacuation and shelter and mass-care arrangements for evacuees,
e) coordinating traffic control
Emergency operations Center or EOC is a center that is activated to provide general guidance and direction, coordinate external support, and provide resource support for an incident.
During a disaster this center is activated and helps to direct and resolve hazard problems, issues community-wide warning and instructions, provide information to the general public, organizing and implementing large-scale evacuation, and shelter and mass-care arrangements for evacuees, coordinating traffic control for large-scale evacuation and requesting assistance from the state and other external sources that affect the municipality. Activities that the EOC helps facilitate range from identifying damaged areas to mobilizing personnel and equipment, and issuing warning to the public.
How is it used?
When activated, the EOC plays the role of being an emergency communications center. Departments of the city such as finance, logistics, administration, and planning help the emergency manager and responding personnel keep track of resources to better manage a disaster.
The main functions of the EOC are to:
a. Monitor potential threats.
b. Support on-scene response operations.
c. Receive, compile, and display data on the emergency situation and resource
status and commitments as a basis for planning.
d. Analyze problems and formulate options for solving them.
e. Coordinate among local agencies and between the city and state and federal agencies, if required.
f. Develop and disseminate warnings and emergency public information.
g. Prepare and disseminate periodic reports.
h. Coordinate damage assessments activities and assess the health, public safety, local facilities, and
the local economy.
i. Request external assistance from other jurisdictions, volunteer organizations, businesses, or from
Preparedness- activities developed to save lives
- Creating Evacuation routes
- Activating Warning Sirens and Systems
Response- actions taken to minimize the loss of life and property
a. Gather damage reports.
b. Compile damage assessment reports.
c. Keep complete records of all expenses.
Recovery- activities, short and long-term, that restore city operations and help them return back to regular or improved conditions
a. Identify unsafe structures and recommend condemnation.
b. Monitor restoration activities.
c. Review building codes and land use regulations for possible improvements.
d. Communicate effectively with disaster victims.